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There’s one genre in particular that storytellers and listeners alike have flocked to in recent years: fiction podcasts (also known as audio dramas).
It was during radio’s golden age—which began in the 1920s and went on through the 1960s—that audio dramas were developed, broadcasted and eagerly consumed around the world. The Shadow was a collection of serialized dramas based on a superhero-like character from a pulp magazine. The Lone Ranger told the story of a Texas Ranger who fought outlaws in the American Old West. The BBC also produced a number of successful shows—Dick Barton, Mrs. Dale’s Diary and Front Line Family—to name a few. And then there was The Mercury Theater on the Air,which produced one of the most infamous audio drama episodes of that era, War of the Worlds. (If you don’t know the crazy story behind the original broadcast, read about it on Wikipedia—it’s well worth your time).
By the 1940s, audio dramas were the leading form of popular entertainment. They introduced an innovative form of media consumption that allowed listeners immerse themselves into gripping stories week after week. But just as quickly as they rose, they fell.
Who (or what) is to blame for the downfall of audio drama? Television. In one fell swoop, television seemingly sucked the American population away from audio drama and froze it in time. And while several audio dramas were revived through both short and long form television, the radio episodes from whence they came eventually met their demise.
Although fiction podcasts might seem like a fresh and novel concept, their history dates back almost a century—to the golden age of old-time radio.
No matter their turbulent past, audio dramas are really having a moment right now. Since (and even before) the 2014 release of Serial, determined storytellers have been experimenting with an array of fiction podcasts. First came Welcome to Night Vale, a series presented as a radio show that reports on strange events that occur in the fictional town of Night Vale. Then came Limetown, a series that follows the story of a radio reporter who sets out to solve a mysterious disappearance of 300 people in a Tennessee town. Then came Homecoming, a scripted series that tells the story of veterans who return from their service and attend a somewhat-sinister government program. There were so many other podcasts in between, and so many that have followed. All of which have brilliantly married fictional storytelling with theatrical audio elements.
Welcome to Night Vale, which was originally released in 2012,has spawned into a novel and has recently announced plans for TV adaptation. Homecoming, originally released in 2015, has recently begun production on their TV series. Gimlet Media, the makers of Homecoming, have already released a second scripted audio drama starring Kristen Wiig and Alia Shawkat titled Sandra.
And there’s no doubt that other podcasts will make their way to the screen. Is history repeating itself again? After all, The Lone Ranger started on radio—but most folks only know the TV show and movies. It looks like the same technology that froze audio dramas in time is now getting ready to air them.